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War of the Austrian Succession. Throughout his naval career, Lezo sustained many severe wounds; he lost his left eye, left hand, complete mobility of the medoohombre arm, caught Typhoid fever and had his left leg amputated in situ after being hit by the projectile of a cannon.

Books by Alber Vázquez (Author of Mediohombre)

Lezo’s actions at Cartagena de Indias consolidated his legacy as one of the most heroic figures in the history of Spain and he has thus been promoted as one of the best strategists in naval history. At this time, his left leg was hit by cannon-shot and was later amputated under the knee. Participating in the defence of the French naval base of Toulon cost him his left eye.

In he was promoted to captain. In he lost use of his right arm in the Siege of Barcelona.

Author: Alber Vazquez

Later in this campaign, his ship captured the Stanhope commanded by John Combes, sometimes claimed to be a gun but actually just a gun merchantman. Thus, by age 25 or 27, depending on the sources, de Lezo had lost his left eye, his left leg below the knee, and the use of his right arm.

There is no contemporary proof that these or others were actually used during Lezo’s lifetime. Lezo served in the Pacific in Although it has been claimed that he took many prizes during this period, documentary evidence indicates that in fact he took only two French frigates and not in the Pacific but in the Atlantic. He was separated from the expedition while attempting to sail past Cape Horn. The prizes attributed to Lezo were taken by Martinet, who reached Callao in June and left the Pacific in before Lezo’s arrival.

In he returned to Spain and was promoted to chief of the Mediterranean Fleet; with this force he went to the Republic of Genoa to enforce the payment of two million pesos owed to Spain that had been retained in the Bank of San Jorge. Deeming the honour of the Spanish flag to be at stake, Blas de Lezo threatened the city with bombardment. Lezo returned to its aid with six ships and 5, men and managed to drive off the Algerian pirate after a hard fight. Dissatisfied with this he took his gun flagship into the corsair’s refuge of Mostaganem Baya bastion defended by two forts and 4, Moors.


He inflicted heavy damage on the forts and town. In the following months he established a naval blockade, preventing the Algerians from receiving reinforcements from Istanbulthereby gaining valuable time for the securing of Oran’s defense, until an epidemic forced him to return to Cadiz. In the king promoted him to Lieutenant General of the Navy. He took up his new post just prior to the conflict between Great Britain and Spain that would become known as the War of Jenkins’ Ear and that would later be subsumed into the War of Austrian Succession.

In the early stages of the conflict, the British Admiral Edward Vernon undertook attacks on various Spanish outposts in America. One early victory involved the capture of Portobelo Panamathe dismantling of its fortifications and the withdrawal of British forces having left the place defenceless.

Admiral Vernon tested Cartagena de Indias on three separate qlber. Both Vernon and Edward Trelawny, British ,ediohombre of Jamaica, considered the Spanish gold shipping port to be a prime objective. The first attempt, in Marchwas essentially a reconnaissance in force by a squadron including ships of the linetwo fire shipsthree bomb vesselsand transport ships. Vernon’s intention was to gather information on topography and troop strength and to provoke a response that might give him a better idea of the defensive capabilities of the Spanish.

In May, Vernon returned to Cartagena de Indias in charge of 13 warships, with the intention of probing the city’s defences. The actual attack on Cartagena de Indias took place on March May 20, The British concentrated medlohombre fleet consisting of ships, including 2, artillery pieces and more.

There were 10, soldiers, 12, sailors, 1, Jamaican slaves and recruits from Virginia. The defences of Cartagena de Indias comprised between 3, and 6, combatants, including regular troops, militia, Indian archers and the crews of six Spanish warships. Blas de Lezo’s advantages consisted of a formidable primary fortress and numerous secondary fortifications.


On the evening of April 19, the British mounted an assault in force upon San Felipe. Three columns of grenadiers supported by Jamaicans and several British companies moved under cover of darkness, with the aid of an intense naval bombardment.

The British fought their way to the base of the fort’s ramparts but were unable to overcome the defence and withdrew. After comprehensively destroying the forts in their possession, the British began an orderly withdrawal back to Jamaica.

Lezo died four months after the siege was raised and a contemporary source indicates that the cause of death was epidemic typhus: Blas de Lezo was medioho,bre [ by whom? A modern statue stands in front of the Castillo San Felipe de Barajas.

Induring a conference on Vzaquez de Lezo’s place in history and honouring the th anniversary of Cartagena de Indias ‘ defence, a plaque was placed on the wall at the Plaza de los Coches, by the Clock Tower portal. In the Naval Museum of Vazzquez organised an exhibition on Blas de Lezo, including portraits, uniforms and layouts of battle plans.

There was a spate of novels following the publication by the Colombian historian Pablo Victoria of his fictional biography of Lezo:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This name uses Spanish naming customs: Portrait of Lezo, Museo Naval de Madrid. Battle of Cartagena de Indias. Complutense University of Madrid. Ferreiro, Measure of the Earth: Imprenta de la viuda de Calero. Retrieved 28 March Retrieved from ” slber Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited mediohomvre 25 Octoberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Coronet Coronet of a Marquess posthumously bestowed Escutcheon Quartered shield: Library resources about Blas de Lezo. Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blas de Lezo.