After using this directive, every appearance of the label ³MAXIMUM´ in the program will be interpreted by the assembler as the number 99 (MAXIMUM = 99). The Appendix includes information on the and MCS instruction set, a summary of directives and controls, the differences between assembler versions. ASSUME Directive. -. The ASSUME directive is used to tell the assembler that the name of the logical segment should be used for a specified segment.

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For decimal, the “D” after the decimal number is optional, but using “B” [binary] and “H” [hexadecimal] is required. The first character of the label must be an alphabetic character, it cannot be a number.

These reserve words are the mnemonics for the instructions e. EQU is used to define a constant without assdmbler a memory location. The number that comes after ORG can be either in hex or in decimal.


DB is also used to allocate memory in byte-sized chunks. Regardless of which is used, the assembler will dorectives the numbers into hex. DB is also used to allocate memory in byte-sized chunks.


Rules for labels in Assembly language. If the number is not followed by H, it is decimal and the assembler will convert it to hex. There are several rules that names must follow. Foremost among the reserved words are the mnemonics for the instructions. By choosing label names that are meaningful, a programmer can make a program much easier to read and maintain. The ORG directive is used to indicate the beginning of the address.

In addition to the mnemonics there cirectives some other reserved words.

The DB directive is the most widely used data directive in the assembler. In assembly language programming anything after the END directive is ignored by the assembler. The data type used by the can be positive or negative.

The answer is that, lets say in a program there is a constant value [a fixed value] used in many different places in the program, and the programmer wants to change its value through out the entire program.

In other words it cannot be a number. Every assembler has asse,bler reserved words that must not be used as labels in the program. Like us on Facebook. Following zssembler some DB examples: The first character of the label must be an alphabetic character.

Check your assembler for the list of reserved words. Facebook Like For Iamtechnical. It is 8 bits, and the size of each register is also 8 bits.


The data types used by the can be positive or negative. By the use of EQU, a programmer can change all valves at once and the assembler will change all of it occurrences, rather than search the entire program and to change the value one by one to fine every occurrence, just change the constant value followed by EQU results changing the all occurrences at once.

It is the job of the programmer to break down data larger than 8 bits ditectives to FFH, or 0 to in decimal to be processed by the CPU. The assembler will convert the numbers in hex.

Explain assembler directives.

The following uses EQU for the counter constant and then the constant is used to load the R3 register. A discussion of signed numbers is given in Chapter 6. For tha you need to check your assembler. Another important dircetives is the END directive.

Programmer can make a program easier to read and maintain by choosing label names that are meaningful.