Centrosema macrocarpum. Kletternde Schmetterlingserbse, Climbing Butterfly Pea, Spurred Butterfly Pea Synonyme: Centrosema lisboae. Image of Centrosema macrocarpum. Centrosema lisboae Trusted C. macrocarpum is distributed in Nicaragua, Brazil, Panama, Colombia, Bolivia, French. Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. Search in The Plant List Search in IPNI Search in Australian Plant Name Index Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Search in.

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Click on images to enlarge Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf. Evidence of considerable outcrossing has been observed in C.

Fact sheet – Centrosema macrocarpum

Pasturas Tropicales11 Stem pilose with greyish hairs when young, glabrescent, lignified at base. Cookies help us deliver our services. A breeding project aimed at introducing the acid-soil tolerance of C. Inflorescence an axillary raceme with up to 30 flowers inserted in pairs along rachis; flower papilionaceous, subtended by a pair of ovate-lanceolate-falcate bracteoles; calyx campanulate, 5-teethed with carinal tooth considerably longer than others; petals showy and cream-coloured with purple centre; standard orbicular-emarginate, cm in diameter, pubescent outside; wings and keel much smaller than standard, directed upwards.

Tripping of flowers by large insects required for pod set. The main use of C.

Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. — The Plant List

In order to break hardseededness, mechanical or acid-scarification of seed is necessary. This page cdntrosema last modified on 28 Aprilat Adapted to low- to medium-fertility, well drained soils of various textures, particularly loams.

Macricarpum on images to enlarge. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, the Netherlands. The legume grows well on a range of soils, provided they are well drained, but preferably on medium-textured soils.


Further conditions which promote flowering are the removal of accumulated biomass and the provision of support for plants to climb up. As yet, no cultivar has been released. A twining perennial with dehiscent pods. As it has specific Bradyrhizobium requirements, seed must be inoculated with an appropriate strain if the legume is to be established where it has not been sown before. Pasturas Tropicales13 The species is well represented in the collection held by CIAT Colombia where a large number of quite variable accessions are available.

The legume has specific Bradyrhizobium strain requirements.

Centrosema macrocarpum

Tolerates very acid conditions, with high soluble Al and Mn. Its potential seems to cenfrosema greater in cut-and-carry systems and for protein banks than as a component in a grass-legume pasture, where it is sensitive to grazing mismanagement.

Grazed pastures in mixture macrocaprum grasses, as legume cenrtosema protein banks, cut-and-carry, and soil cover in orchards and plantations. When mown, cutting intervals will depend on soil moisture and fertility; weeks is suggested as an adequate interval with a cutting height of cm. Leaf-eating insects can be a problem during dry periods. In pasture systems it can be grazed in pure legume stands “protein bank” or in a mixture with grass. Stems pilose with greyish hairs when young, glabrescent, lignified at base.

It is tolerant of grazing and cutting once well established, but in mixtures with grasses, it tends to decline under intensive grazing. A robust perennial, taprooted vine, prostrate in absence of a support; trailing stems with variable tendency to root at nodes. It tolerates moderate shade. centroaema


Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. Despite the legume’s adaptation to moderately fertile to infertile soils, it responds well to maintenance fertilization with these nutrients.

By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Spread is localised by stolon development, extensive spread being limited by low amounts of seed produced under grazing.

Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf. Tap-rooted, trailing perennial herb with slender stems, rooting at the nodes in some genotypes. Because cebtrosema its adaptation to acid, infertile soils and drought, and its high productivity and nutritive value and good disease tolerance, C.

With Brachiaria dictyoneura – being grazed macgocarpum Quilichao, Colombia. None of the economically important diseases of the genus Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot, and bacterial blight has been observed to affect C. Insects may eat leaves, especially during dry periods. Experimental lines have spread to many tropical countries for testing, including in South-East Asia.

Fertilization with P and K enhances establishment of C. Soybean mosaic virus infection by aphids has been reported.

Scientific name

This is a consequence of the tripping of flowers by bumblebees which also transfer pollen. Views Centrosfma View source View history. See Terms of Use for details.