10 out. PDF | This work describes the presence of Contracaecum sp. larvae (Nematoda: Anisakidae) found in food fish of economic importance. Contracaecum genus (Ascaridida: Anisakidae) is a nematode parasite of the fish- eating birds throughout the world. A heavy infection of Contracaecum sp. was. Birds are frequently mentioned as hosts of Contracaecum sp. One cormorant species, Phalacrocorax brasilianus (syn olivaceus) Gmelin, (TORRES, ;.

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Gastric ulcers associated with Contracaecum spp. The presence of parasites only in the esophagus was observed in only one animal 9. Spheniscidae contracaecjm, na costa do Rio de Janeiro, foram relatadas.

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Penguins as marine sentinels. The anterior end of adult worms consisted of three round lips Fig. The aim of this paper was to report the occurrence and pathological findings of Contracaecum pelagicum and C. From July to Septembereleven young specimens of Magellanic penguins were investigated, regardless of sex, for helminthes in the digestive tract. A mean width of 0.

Cabi Publishing, New York. Services on Demand Journal. The average width was 0. As sl the C. On histopathological examination, hyperemia of lungs, liver and spleen were found in all birds. The average size of the lips was 0. They have found no obvious evidence of damage by the helminthes in any of the alimentary tracts of the Megadyptes antipodes in New Zeland.


Some nematodes were clarified in acetic acid P. Although the penguins of this study did not have ulcers, a hemorrhagic area was observed in the stomach of one animal. The occurrence of infections and the disease induced by Contracaecum plagiaticium and Contracaecum pelagicum in Magellanic penguins, Contracaevum magellanicus Foster.

Contracaecum sp | Parasites World

The digestive tract was opened and placed in Petri dishes containing a 0. Spheniscidae from Argentinean coasts. Other macroscopic lesions found were pulmonary congestion, hepato- and splenomegaly.

In the cases of parasitism by C. Magellanic penguin, Contracaecum plagiaticium conhracaecum, Contracaecum pelagicumpathology. In male worms, the elongated spicules were equal and the conical tail curved ventrally Fig. How to cite this article. InTimi et al.

In the present study the cause of death was not fully elucidated. The ulcers were dark gray with their surfaces coated with mucus and their bases with a layer of necrotic tissue in which the heads of the contracaevum were buried. Histopathological findings demonstrated esophagitis with helminthes segments inserted in the epithelium, showing discrete mixed inflammatory infiltrate of heterophils and mononuclear cells. Spheniscidae has a pelagic and predatory habit, migrating from its reproductive colonies, through ocean currents, to the Brazilian continental shore to eat.

In this route, some specimens may deviate from the group, reaching more distant areas of the Brazilian coast, like Rio de Janeiro State and others beaches, conrracaecum they are rescued.

For a correct classification of the species, at ckntracaecum ten male and ten female parasites were observed and measured. Received on December 2, Anisakidae in Spheniscus magellanicus Aves: All of penguins were submitted to post-mortem examination.


Principles of disease prevention: One of these animals 9. Resurrection and pathogenic effects of a common parasite from the proventriculus of Xp minutus from the Great Barrier Reef, with a note on C.

Zoo and Aquarium Assoc. Gross lesions in animals infected by Contracaecum spp. Gastrointestinal parasitosis is a common hygienic-sanitary problem in captive animals, being one of the most important disorders that contribute to the weakening of these birds Fonseca et al.

Parasites of the genus Contracaecum were present in all of the 11 studied animals. At the necropsy, one penguin 9. Among the three animals infected by C. The formation of the hyaline material around the nematodes in the stomach glands was not fully understood.

Co-infections by Csontracaecum pelagicum and C.

Mortality in little penguins Eudyptula minor along the coast of Victoria, Australia. Contracaecum pelagicum and C. Nematode parasites of vertebrates: Contracaecum pelagicum was described infecting penguins from the species S.

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However, the intensity of parasitic infection was macroscopically rated as low. In female, the uterus was sinuous with subglobular thick-shelled eggs.

These parasites may be associated with other diseases, implicating in death of the penguins. In that case, the parasite observed was Contracaecum spiculigerum.