The CRAFFT Screening Interview. Begin: “I’m going to ask you a few questions that I ask all my patients. Please be honest. I will keep your answers confidential.” . that you sniff or “huff”)? Put “0” if none. The CRAFFT Questionnaire (version ). Please answer all questions honestly; your answers will be kept confidential. The CRAFFT is a (updated version of a) behavioral health screening tool for use with children ages and is recommended by the American Academy of .

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A Practical GuideIssue 5th ed. All research assistants read the ADI manual, watched model interviews, practiced on volunteers, and were videotaped conducting practice interviews. Views Read Edit View history. Sign in to make a comment Sign in to your personal account.

Of the 29 drug dependence diagnoses, 27 were related to cannabis use, and 2 were related to use of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine MDMA or “ecstasy”. There were a total of 59 abuse diagnoses; 16 were for alcohol alone, 30 for other drugs alone, and 13 for both alcohol and other drugs.

Alcohol-associated motor vehicle accidents are a leading cause of death among adolescents, 38 and a question regarding this risk should be a part of routine screening.

Gamarel1, 2 Kimberly M. The CAGE questions, which are widely used in medical settings, are a good example of this type of brief screen. Matern Questionnaure Health J.

Please review our privacy policy. Create a personal account to register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles. A CRAFFT score of 2 or higher was associated with the maximal product of sensitivity and specificity, which is also the cut point closest to the upper-left corner of the graph. Register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles Access PDFs of free articles Manage your interests Save searches and receive quesgionnaire alerts.

What This Study Adds. Receiver operating characteristic curves are presented in Figure 2. Clinical and Experimental Research27 1: Statistical Analyses First, we calculated descriptive statistics to summarize substance use and other characteristics of the sample. Languages Simple English Cradft links.

Details of the study methods have been described previously 20 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Almost 1 in 6 The study was approved by the Institutional Review Boards IRB at each participating site as well as those of members of the protocol team. Orally administered brief screens are usually targeted at substance abuse alone and can be administered by the physician as part of the general health interview or while performing the physical examination. Concordance between self-report substance use and toxicology among HIV-infected and uninfected at risk youth.


Second, the cross-sectional design of the study limits our ability to make causal inferences. Sign in to customize your interests Sign in to your personal account.

The CRAFFT test has acceptable sensitivity and specificity for identifying all screening categories and among all demographic subgroups. Route of HIV acquisition.

CRAFFT Screening Test

Prevalence rates among adolescent patients seen in other clinics, family practices, or general pediatric practices may be different. Some adolescents may answer this question affirmatively based on having ridden in a car with an intoxicated family member, rather than driving after drinking or riding with an intoxicated peer.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Current Drug Abuse Reviews. Research has also shown an association between active substance use alcohol and illicit drug use and high-risk HIV transmission behaviors, such as engaging in condomless anal and vaginal sex with HIV-negative partners 4.

CRAFFT Screening Test – Wikipedia

These findings also suggest a need for additional time and personnel to further assess the substantial numbers of adolescents who will screen positive when universal screening is implemented. For diagnostic groups, the CRAFFT median scores with interquartile ranges were no questionnairre, 0 ; occasional use, 1 ; problem use, 2 ; abuse, 2 ; and dependence, 4 Approximately one half of participants had used alcohol or other drugs during the past year, and more than one fourth had experienced alcohol- or drug-related problems.

Support Center Support Center. Demographic differences by screening positive on the Questioonnaire among participants who reported weekly or more marijuana use and any non-marijuana illicit drug use in the past 3 months.

It has been established as valid and reliable for identifying youth who need further assessment and therapeutic intervention [5] The CRAFFT was originally designed to screen adolescents at high risk of substance use disorders in primary medical care offices. We excluded a total questionnajre 41 patients 5. This association questionnairf be particularly strong for adolescents and young adults whose cognitive control system is still developing 5.


Simple yes or no questions that lend themselves to mnemonic acronyms are ideal. They may require staff time for administration or scoring. To be practical, they must be easy to administer, score, and remember. Current resources are not adequate craft meet this need. However, self-report of alcohol and other drug use has been shown to be generally reliable and compares favorably with other methods of substance use detection.

Alcohol Clin Exp Questionjaire. Also unknown is quesitonnaire likely outcome of universal screening, ie, what proportion of adolescent patients suestionnaire alcohol- and drug-related disorders. Fifth, the CRAFFT was not designed to screen for tobacco use; thus, although screening positive on the CRAFFT appears to be associated with tobacco use in this sample, without further information it is unclear whether this is because tobacco is commonly co-used with other substances or whether the CRAFFT can be used specifically to screen for tobacco use as well.

Finally, we used a series of chi-square analyses to examine whether there were differences in key sociodemographic characteristics i. Therefore, its discriminant properties can help clinicians estimate not only the presence but also the magnitude of risk of substance-related problems. This study was conducted in a single urban hospital-based adolescent clinic.

Sociodemographic variables Participants self-reported their questtionnaire, sex assigned at birth, gender identity, race and ethnicity, sexual orientation, route of infection with HIV, past history of incarceration, unstable housing e.

We plotted receiver operating characteristic curves to determine the optimal cut point for the CRAFFT test ie, total score with the highest product of sensitivity and specificity for identifying 3 screening categories: