Definisi Tetralogi fallot (TF) adalah kelainan jantung dengan gangguan sianosis yang ditandai dengan kombinasi 4 hal yang abnormal meliputi. Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital cardiac malformation that consists of an interventricular communication, also known as a ventricular septal defect, obstruction. BAB II TETRALOGY OF FALLOT A. REVIEW ANATOMI FISIOLOGI JANTUNG Kelainan sianotik memiliki pengertian bahwa bayi mempunyai.

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Tetralogy of Fallot TOF is a complex of anatomic abnormalities arising from the maldevelopment of the right ventricular infundibulum. Oximetry and arterial blood gasesoOxygen faolot is variable, but pH and pCO2 are normal unless the patient is in extremis, such as during a tet spell. Rencana Asuhan Dan Dokumentasi Keperawatan. Chronic issues that face the current population of adults subsequent to their surgical repair include the haemodynamic manifestations of chronic pulmonary regurgitation, recurrent or residual pulmonary stenosis, and ventricular arrhythmias.

The resulting hole is one of a number of those appropriately described fallpt a malalignment defect.

Konsep-Askep Tetralogi of Fallot

An autopsied specimen has been opened through the anterior wall of the right ventricle to show the cardinal features of tetralogy of Fallot. Current Opinion in Cardiology. Berbagai jenis penyakit genetik: Complications Delayed growth and development Seizures during periods of insufficient oxygenCall Health Care Provider Call your health care provider if new unexplained symptoms fetralogi or if the patient is having an episode of cyanosis blue skin.

Tetralogy of Fallot in Adults Documents. Right ventricular predominance on palpation May have a bulging left hemithorax Systolic thrill at the lower left sternal border Aortic ejection click Single S2 – Pulmonic valve closure not heard Systolic ejection murmur – Varies in intensity inversely with the degree of RVOT obstructiono oMore cyanotic patients have greater obstruction and a softer murmur.


Exercise recommendations must be tailored to individual patients by considering the presence of cyanosis, right ventricle hypertension, right ventricle dysfunction, or dysrhythmias. Abstract Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital cardiac malformation that consists of an interventricular communication, also known as a ventricular septal defect, obstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract, override of the ventricular septum by the aortic root, and right ventricular hypertrophy.

The Journal of Pediatrics. The first Blalock-Taussig shunt surgery was performed on three-year old Eileen Saxon on November 29, Gangguan asianotik diantaranya adalah gangguan katup jantung dan stenosis pada aorta atau pulmonal. Studies of immediate and long-term follow-up in tetralogy of Fallot reveal excellent outcomes.

Tetralogy of Fallot

A chest x-ray shows a characteristic shape of the heart. Olah Raga Kondisi 1. Observasi vital sign b.

We share information about your activities on the site with our partners and Google partners: Once a patient requires prophylaxis by beta-blockade, surgical referral should occur to prevent the potential tragic and unpredictable outcome of a hypercyanotic spell [ 10 ].

Some interventions to consider include: Useful diagnostic tests are the chest radiograph, electrocardiogram, and echocardiogram. Kemudian melalui arteri pulmonalis besar bagian utama darah yang memiliki Po2 sekitar mm Hg meninggalkan ventrikel kanan menuju aorta melewati duktus arteriosus.

Referat Tetralogy of Fallot fufkuy. Impact of evolving technology and learning curve tetraloggi clinical outcome. All the other arteries join with the intrapericardial pulmonary arterial supply, or else supply segments of the lung directly. A few patients may never reach the stage of complete repair because of very hypoplastic pulmonary arteries. Your consent to our cookies if you continue to definissi this website. If the patient remains hypercyanotic after these measures, he or she should be paralysed and intubated, with phenylephrine administered intravenously to increase systemic vascular resistance.


Tetralogy of Fallot

Para ahli berpendapat bahwa penyebab endogen dan eksogen dapat menyebabkan penyakit jantung bawaan. Identitas Orang tua 1.

Kebiasaan sebelum tidur 3. Trombosis pulmonal Trombosis disebabkan karena meningkatnya viskositas darah yang disebabkan oleh polisitemia. The spells typically begin to occur at approximately a couple months of age at times of tetgalogi or decreased hydration, both of which exacerbate the dynamic infundibular obstruction.

Tetralogi Fallot – Bahan – [DOC Document]

Journal of Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery. Aetiology and genetic counselling The aetiology is multifactorial. Correction of Tetralogy of Fallot: The task of the clinician is to display the supply of the various collateral arteries and their communications with the intrapericardial pulmonary arteries.

General anesthesia is a last resort. Ppt – Tetralogy of Fallot Documents. Although the electrocardiogram is similar to that of a normal newborn, the right ventricular hypertrophy and right axis deviation will not normalize in a patient with tetralogy of Fallot. Administered IV, may be dosed in number of ways and commonly titrated until desired effect obtained. Bila usia anak belum mencapai 1 tahun atau berat badan.