No existe claridad sobre la causa exacta de la gastrosquisis, ya que es una en fermedad multifactorial. Su diagnóstico puede realizarse desde la etapa prenatal . b Unidad de Ecografía y Diagnóstico Prenatal, Servicio de Ginecología y La gastrosquisis es un defecto de la pared abdominal, a nivel paraumbilical. Publisher: El tratamiento óptimo de la gastrosquisis es controvertido. En 74% se realizó el diagnóstico prenatal antes de las 20 semanas de.

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Gastroschisis is a low-prevalence disease with a very good prognosis, if initial management is adequate. This research was authorized by the legal guardian of the minor and respected the confidentiality of the patient and his relatives. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. Taking into account his history, a k-band karyotype was requested, which was not authorized by the health service provider, so it was not possible to use it as a diagnostic tool to establish management.

It can be diagnosed during the prenatal stage by means of ultrasonography, which has diiagnostico sensitivity and specificity for its detection.

Differential diagnosis of abdominal wall defects – omphalocele versus gastroschisis. Evaluation of prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of fetal abdominal wall defects by 19 European registries. Practice diagnosstico in gastroschisis: Synthesis of the evolution of the patient.

Gastrosquisis, en niños

Gastrosquisis and exomphalos in Ireland From Monday to Friday from 9 a. Umbilical cord inserted in caudal area of the hernial sac.

Factors influencing closure technique. In the postoperative period, the patient remained hemodynamically stable, achieving inotropic and vasoactive weaning.


Show more Show less. Neonatal abdominal wall defects.

Defectos de cierre de la pared abdominal: gastrosquisis | Progresos de Obstetricia y Ginecología

Gastroschisis occurring in siblings is rare, and there are only 14 cases of familial gastroschisis published in the literature. Review articles, case reports and cross-sectional studies were included. Revista Romana de Pediatrie. Subscriber If you already have your login data, please click here. Optimal surgical treatment of patients with gastroschisis remains controversial. Diagnosis of abdominal wall defects in the first trimester.

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A risk-stratified comparison of fascial versus flap closure techniques on the early outcomes of infants with prematal. What the radiologist needs to know about the embryology, anatomy, and prenatal imaging of ventral body wall defects.

Own elaboration based on 1,3,5,6. He received interdisciplinary management and underwent gradual surgical closure, with favorable outcome after a three-month hospitalization. Preterm or term delivery?. Therefore, a therapeutic-diagnosis plan to coordinate prenahal obstetrician, pediatrician and pediatric surgeon is of the utmost importance.

Gastrosquisis, en niños | Maternal-Fetal Associates of Kansas

Several studies have found that this technique has an effectiveness profile similar to conventional closure, and that, in fact, in low-risk patients, it is associated with a lower requirement of mechanical ventilation and a decrease in the incidence of surgical wound infections.

Pharmacological relaxation and morphine were discontinued and fentanyl was administered only at analgesic doses. Overall, 90 articles relating to the risk factors involved in the development of gastroschisis and 23 articles relating to gastroschisis and genetics were reviewed.


Recent studies suggest better outcomes with secondary closure techniques surgical or preformed silo. The patient required mechanical ventilation and inotropic support. The procedure was well tolerated at first, but a deterioration of the clinical condition was observed subsequently with hemodynamic instability, which required inotropic support with dopamine and dobutamine; mechanical ventilation with high parameters; sedation with fentanyl and morphine; relaxation with rocuronium, and follow-up with antibiotic therapy with ampicillin-gentamicin and metronidazole.

Clinical genetics determined a chemical teratogenic disruptive process during the first trimester of pregnancy as probable etiology.

Case reports

A new theory proposes that there is a defect in the inclusion of the yolk sac in the fetal body stem, with the consequent formation of an additional opening through which the intestine is eventracted, instead of doing it through the umbilical cord. However, chest x-ray findings were interpreted as possible acute disseminated candidiasis, so the procedure was postponed. Therefore, a therapeutic-diagnosis plan to coordinate the obstetrician, pediatrician and pediatric surgeon is of the utmost importance.

Patients with gastroschisis who underwent primary closure showed shorter ventilator support and PN dependency than those treated with surgical silo.

Additional research is required to elucidate the multifactorial aetiology of gastroschisis. However, SS is as safe and effective technique as PC and led to similar outcome regarding digestive autonomy and hospital length of stay.