Echis ocellatus is a venomous viper species endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized. (Source: Wikipedia. Photo: (c) Toby Hibbitts , all. Continent: Africa Distribution: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea. Echis ocellatus ENGLISH African Saw Scaled Viper, Ocellated Carpet Viper, West African Carpet Viper, West African Saw Scaled Viper, GERMAN Augenfleck .

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Medical Journal of Australia. The snakes of Mali. Washington, District of Columbia: Invictims of snakebite with 26 deaths were seen at Kaltungo General Hospital. Intrauterine fetal death caused by pit viper venom poisoning in early pregnancy.

These include local cauterization, incision, excision, amputation, suction by mouth, vacuum pump or syringe, ocdllatus incision and suction “venom-ex” apparatusinjection or instillation of compounds such as potassium permanganate, phenol carbolic soap and trypsin, application of electric shocks or ice cryotherapyuse of traditional herbal, folk and other remedies including ocellayus ingestion of emetic plant products and parts of the snake, multiple incisions, tattooing and so on.

Echis carinatus ocellatus subsp. None of our patients had vaginal bleeding, although intra-uterine foetal death without bleeding [confirmed using transvaginal ultrasonography] has been reported Nasu et al. Snake Species of the World: Calzada de Tlalpan No.

WCH Clinical Toxinology Resources

Summary The report describes successful management of 10 women in 2nd and 3rd pregnancy trimesters with EchiTab IgG antivenom after carpet viper Echis ocellatus envenoming.


During a study in 7 at a rural hospital in northeastern Nigeria, Kaltungo General Hospital, Gombe state, records of pregnant women who had snakebite were evaluated and are reported here.

A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. In West Africa, specific antivenom is effective in managing carpet viper envenoming. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Do not use Tourniquets, cut, suck or scarify the wound or apply chemicals or electric shock. The following should also be noted when reading information contained within the databases on this website: Neurotoxic Paralysis Does not occur, based ocelatus current clinical evidence. Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

It is also found in northern Cameroon and southwestern Chad.

West African Carpet Viper

Eleven patients were pregnant, of whom 10 were bitten by E. Echis ocellatus Scientific classification Kingdom: Other Shock secondary to fluid shifts due to local tissue injury is likely in severe cases. Journal of Reproductive Medicine. Very nervous, irritable and aggressive disposition, quick to strike and repeatedly at the slightest provocation and does not try to escape.

The bitten limb should be immobilised as effectively as possible using an extemporised splint or sling; if available, crepe bandaging of the splinted limb is an effective form of immobilisation. Habib1 S. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 83 2: Snake bite poisoning in pregnancy. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. The publisher’s final edited version of this article is available free at Trop Med Int Health. It is responsible for more human fatalities due to snakebite than all other African species combined.

In the tropics, poisonous snakebite is a problem of vulnerable hard-to-reach societies such as pastoral or rural communities. Nasidi4 P.


Wiping ocellatus once with a damp cloth to remove surface venom is unlikely to do much harm or good but the wound must not be massaged. No attempt should be made to pursue the snake into the undergrowth as this will risk further bites.

Echis ocellatus – Wikipedia

Three millilitre of fresh whole blood placed in a clean test tube failed to clot within 20 min and she was treated with slow intravenous 20 ml of EchiTab IgG E. If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours to days, then give clear fluids by mouth to prevent dehydration.

No sedatives outside hospital. No tourniquet was applied but incisions were made at the bite site. Avoid peroral intake, absolutely no alcohol.

Sexually mature females lay between 6 and 20 eggsusually at the end of the dry season in February to March. The snakes of Niger. The basis for reassurance is the fact that many venomous bites do not result in envenoming, the relatively slow progression to severe envenoming hours following elapid bites, days following viper bites echos the effectiveness of modern medical treatment.

Restored clotting; had bloody bullae; recovered.

American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Characteristics, presentation and management of 10 pregnant women bitten by carpet viper. Snake species of the world. Epidemiological studies in Nigeria and a review of the world literature.