Georgius Gemistos (also Plethon or Pletho; in Greek: Γεώργιος Πλήθων Γεμιστός) (c. – ), a Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, was one. ABSTRACT: In this paper I examine George Gemistos Plethon’s defense in his De Differentiis of Plato’s conception of God as superior to that of Aristotle’s. Born in Constantinople about , died in the Peloponnesus, Out of veneration for Plato he changed his name from Gemistos to Plethon. Although he .

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See, Steven Runciman’s Mistra: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Methuen, The new state religion was to be founded on a hierarchical pantheon of Pagan Gods, based largely upon the ideas of Humanism prevalent at the time, incorporating themes such as rationalism and logic. Plethon is considered one of the most important influences on the Italian Renaissance.

As you would expect from a summary, there are no arguments. Both had been students of Gemistos in their youth. Gottlieb Christoph Harlessxii. He is set over this whole order and singular in highest divinity.

Instead, he set up a temporary school to teach interested Florentines about works of Plato gemisos had previously been unknown to them.

The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: Woodhouse inserted the term signoria into his translation. This claim, as we shall see, is consistent with Plethon’s position in the Summary. While still in Florence, Plethon wrote a volume titled Wherein Aristotle disagrees with Platocommonly called De Differentiisto correct the misunderstandings he had encountered.


Help us improve this article! Thank You for Your Contribution! Plethon studied in Constantinople and at the Ottoman Muslim court in nearby Adrianople.

George Gemistos Plethon: the last of the Hellenes

Western Europe had some access to ancient Greek philosophy through the Roman Catholic Church and the Muslimsbut the Byzantines had many documents and interpretations that the Westerners had never seen before. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.

The Reply may also be found in PG, Owing, most probably, to the geistos of Mohammedan teachers, he combined with Platonismor rather with Neo-Platonismthe most extraordinary kind of Oriental mysticism and magic which he designated as Gemistod. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. He believed that labourers should keep a third of their produce, and that soldiers should be professional. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. It contains a wealth of biographical and bibliographical information and is an indispensible starting point for anyone wishing to do work on Plethon.

Aristotle, on the other hand, never calls God the creator of anything gdmistos, but only the motive force of the universe. Contact our editors with your feedback.

Plethon treats of God in the first three substantive paragraphs of De Differentiis. Pound was fascinated by the role that Plethon’s conversation must have had on Cosimo de Medici and his decision to acquire Greek manuscripts of Plato and Neoplatonic philosophers. Gemmistos page was last edited on 10 Novemberat The social and political ideas in these pamphlets were largely derived from Plato’s Republic.

20th WCP: George Gemistos Plethon on God: Heterodoxy in Defense of Orthodoxy

But what about gemitos implied characterization of Plato’s position with regard to God? Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our plehton approval. Finally, Plethon’s last major criticism of Aristotle was that Aristotle conceived God as part of the universe Plethon uses both and as terms for the universe. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Paideia logo design by Janet L.


CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Georgius Gemistus Plethon

This summary, titled Summary of the Doctrines of Zoroaster and Platoaffirms the existence of a pantheon of gods, with Zeus as supreme sovereign, containing within himself all being in an undivided state; his eldest child, motherless, is Poseidonwho created the heavens and rules all below, ordaining order in the universe.

He thus greatly affected the Renaissance conception of the configuration of the Earth and so played an important, if indirect, role in the discovery of America by Christopher Columbuswho cited Strabo pldthon his principal authorities. I heard, too, from a number of Greeks who escaped here from the Peloponnese that he openly said before he died Byzantine scholars had remained in contact with their counterparts in Western Europe since the time of the Roman Empireand especially since the Byzantine Empire gemisyos begun to feel threatened by vemistos Ottomans in the fourteenth century.