Glomus tumor was also the name formerly (and incorrectly) used for a tumor now called a paraganglioma. A glomus tumor is a rare neoplasm arising from the. CT temporal bone and MRI internal auditory canal: 4 mm soft tissue mass along the right cochlear promontory consistent with a glomus tympanicum. Paragangliomas account for % of all neoplasms in the head and neck region, and about 80% of all paraganglioms are either carotid body tumors or glomus.

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Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. Acute neuropathies may occur after radiosurgery, yet few cases were reported in the literature.

The follow-up durations were in range of months mean Due to their critical location in relation to delicate nerve and vascular structures, their surgical approach still remains a challenge to the neurosurgeon, in spite of all the progress made in neuroimaging examinations, which facilitates the surgical planning, and in microsurgical techniques. A chemodectoma of the jugular bulb which, when advanced, enlarges the jugular foramen and may produce paralysis of one or more of the last four cranial nerves.

Several classification systems are used in the evaluation of Glomue, yet the system of Glasscock—Jackson [ Table 1 ] and that of Fisch are used most often to describe cases. About Blog Go ad-free. It should be noted that this appearance is sometimes encountered in other lesions e.

The tumors presented an average size of 3. Yuugular for gpomus jugulare tumors. Thank you for updating your details. Estimation of growth rate in patients with head and neck paragangliomas influences the treatment proposal. One patient presented paralysis glojus 9 th10 th11 thand 12 th cranial case 6 while paralysis of 7 th and 12 th cranial nerves was observed in another patient case Elevation of the nail bed can occur.


The radiosurgery is a safe and effective therapy for patients with glomus jugulare tumor. Malignant glomus tumors have been subdivided into three categories based on their histologic appearance: Glomus jugulare Glomus jugulare tumours Glomus jugulare tumor Glomus jugulare tumors Glomus jugulare paragangliomas. Therapeutic advantages of minimalism in the skull base. The follow-up time ranged from 14 to 50 months median of 27 months.

Difficulty swallowing dysphagia Dizziness Hearing problems or loss Hearing pulsations in the ear Hoarseness Pain Weakness or loss of movement in the face facial nerve palsy.

Nerve damage can lead to:. Edit article Share article View revision history. Temporal bone ylomus and lateral cranial base surgery. The GJT mostly affect people in the sixth and seventh decades of life, with mean presentation age of 55 years, and are more frequent in the female sex.

Available FREE in open access from: Glomus tumors have been associated with changes mutations in a gene responsible for the enzyme succinate dehydrogenase SDHD.

GJT present growth of just 0. The option of Gamma Knife radiosurgery. A standard prescription uses a total dose from 45 to 55 Gy with daily fractions from 1. Check for errors and try again. Angiography also has a role to play in preoperative embolisation, which is typically carried out days prior to surgery, however care must be taken to fully evaluate feeding vessels.

Glomus jugulare tumors are rarely cancerous and do not tend to spread to other parts of the body. Glomus jugulare tumors are diagnosed by a physical exam and imaging tests, including: The role of Gamma Knife Radiosurgery in the management of glomus jugulare tumors.


Glomus jugulare tumor

In some cases, a procedure called embolization is performed before surgery to prevent the tumor from bleeding too much during surgery. Glomus jugulare tumor surgery with intracranial extension. Glomus jugulare tumours are defined according to location i.

The relative prevalence of glomus jugulare with respect to other head and neck paraganglioma varies from publication to publication and depending on definition of the terms jugulare, tympanicum and jugulotympanicum.

The rate of permanent neurological deficit associated with the radiosurgery was 2.

The role of radiation therapy in the management of catecholamine secreting glomus tumors. The indication of radiosurgical treatment has increased significantly in recent years due to the safety of this method and the low level of morbidity compared with the surgical treatment, as demonstrated by various published case series.

Glomus jugulare tumors of the temporal bone.

Glomus jugulare paraganglioma | Radiology Reference Article |

The average tumor volume at the time of treatment was Glossaries and vocabularies Access Translation Bureau glossaries and vocabularies. This area contains nerve fibers, called glomus bodies. Chemodectoma of the temporal bone: Table 3 Neurological and clinical data in 15 patients.