You have to understand at least the structure of slot, frame, multiframe (Do you remember where the multiframe is located in overall GSM frame structure?. This page on GSM tutorial covers GSM frame structure including concept of slot, frame,multiframe,superframe and hyperframe. It covers both 51 frame multiframe . Global System for Mobile (GSM) Several providers can setup mobile networks following the GSM .. Control Channel Multiframe (Reverse link for TS0). 0. F. 1.

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Mark Patrick Mouser Electronics Long-range low-power wireless network have the potential to create the Internet of Agricultural Things The application of technology has always driven an increase in productivity, the two are inextricably linked because it is often the demand for higher productivity that provides the motivation for achieving technological breakthroughs; necessity is the mother of invention, after all.

A few important features of the burst is stated below. The basic element in the GSM frame structure is the frame itself. One thing worth noticing would be the first slot in each frame seems to be used as some control channel.

This time slot carries mulltiframe Remaining part of the frequency channel Slot-1 to 7 can be used as any mix of traffic and control channels. In simplified terms the base station transmits two types of channel, namely traffic and control.

This is used to maintain synchronisation of the different scheduled operations with the GSM frame multifarme. Slot Allocation in Communication. Above this superframes i. That is why the synchronization training sequence is very large for this burst comparing to other burst types.

Control Multiframe Structures – The 51 control multiframe structure is used to send information on the control channel. The minimum unit being frame or TDMA frame is made of 8 time slots. The downlink and uplink channels are staggered in order to give the mobile time to process the received message and formulate a response. Each frame composed of 8 time slots.


When a radio channel is used to provide a control channel, time slot 0 and the other time slots are used for traffic channels.

You would have seen this kind of diagram from various sources.

GSM Timeslot & Frequency Specifications

You will discover why mobile telephone service providers have upgraded from 1st generation analog systems to more efficient and feature rich 2nd generation GSM systems. As shown in fig 3. Each GSM superframe composed of multiframes either 26 or 51 as described below.

The idle time period allows a mobile device to perform other necessary operations such as monitoring the radio signal strength level of a beacon channel from other cells.

All of sudden a clear pattern within a multiframe start showing up. Traffic Multiframe Structures – The 26 traffic multiframe structure is used to send information on the traffic channel. The GSM frame structure establishes schedules for the predetermined use of timeslots. Structure of Each types of Burst. These logical channels are time sheduled by BTS. Eight of these burst periods are grouped into what is known as a TDMA frame.

The 12th frame no. This page on GSM tutorial covers GSM frame structure including concept of slot, frame, multiframe, superframe and hyperframe. This division time wise is called TDMA.

During voice communication, one user is typically assigned to each time slot within a frame. By Andrew Morgan at April 02, This channel makes a mobile station time-synchronized with the base station clock. The illustration below is for Downlink multiframe structure.

Don’t just look at these diagrams if you are GSM beginner, draw grids on a paper or open up a Excel spreadsheet and color and label it on your own. Newer Post Older Post Home. Superframe – A superframe is a multiframe sequence that combines the period of a 51 multiframe with 26 multiframes 6. X Like My Work Follow. Accordingly the channel structure is organised into two different types of frame, one for the traffic on the main traffic carrier frequency, and the other for the control on the beacon frequency.


Each timeslot in a cell allocated to traffic channel usage will follow this format, that is, 12 bursts of traffic, 1 burst of SACCH, 12 bursts of traffic and 1 idle.

Following illustration shows the time domain structure in slot level.

Mix of traffic and control channels depends on number of frequency channels per BTS that is the capacity of a cell and the traffic patterns. This example shows 2 users using full rate voice traffic channels. Let’s refresh our memory.

One gm the main reason for this confusion is that even a single cycle of a whole structure requires so many slots and frames, it is really hard to visualize the whole frame structure on a limited space of a sheet of paper or on a white board. As mentioned in another page of the tutorial, the slots for transmission and reception for a given mobile are offset in time so that the mobile does not transmit and receive at the same time.

Broadcast technology Embedded Design principles Distribution Formulae.

They should also understand mapping of different channels to time slots in these gsm frame structures. This is like normal multframe but has no meaning of its payload bits. This example shows 2 users using full rate voice traffic channels. Introduction to GSM, 2nd ed.

Why 26 and 51 Multiframes in GSM |

This counter allows the hyperframe to synchronize frequency hopping sequence, encryption processes for voice privacy of subscribers’ conversations. Following is the common example of a Traffic Multiframe.

A typical use of this type of control channel timeslot is in rural areas, where the subscriber density is low.